However, change does not mean that someone can travel to the continent without a passport. In any Schengen country, the police can ask a human being to prove their identity with an identity card that the British do not have or a passport. Visa liberalisation negotiations between the EU and the Western Balkans (excluding Kosovo) began in the first half of 2008 and ended in 2009 (for Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) and 2010 (for Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina). Prior to the total abolition of visas, the countries of the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) had signed “visa easing agreements” with the Schengen states in 2008. Visa facilitation agreements should, at the time, reduce wait times, reduce visa fees (including free visas for certain categories of travellers) and reduce red tape. In practice, however, the new procedures have proven to be longer, heavier and more costly, and many have complained about the ease of obtaining visas before mediation agreements come into force.    Svalbard belongs to Norway and has a special status in international law. It is not part of the Schengen area. There is no visa regime for Svalbard, entry, stay, or work, but it is difficult to visit Svalbard without travelling within the Schengen area although there are charter flights from Russia.
Since 2011, the Norwegian government has implemented systematic border checks for people wishing to enter and leave Svalbard and requires a passport or identity card for non-Norwegian nationals. As a result, the border between Svalbard and the rest of Norway is widely treated as any other external border of Schengen.  A Schengen visa must enter several times in order to return to Norway.  There is no social security or asylum system for immigrants in Svalbard, and those unable to support each other may be removed.  The Schengen area initially had its legal basis outside the European Economic Community at the time, since it had been established by a subgroup of Community Member States with two international agreements: the Schengen Agreement was signed independently of the European Union, partly because of the lack of consensus among EU Member States on whether or not the EU had jurisdiction to remove border controls. “ and in part because those who were willing to implement the idea did not want to wait for others (at that time, there was no enhanced cooperation mechanism). The agreement provided for a harmonization of visa policy allowing people in border areas to cross the borders of fixed checkpoints, replace passport controls with visual surveillance of vehicles at reduced speeds, and carry out vehicle checks allowing vehicles to cross borders without stopping.  Citizens of the European Union, other EEA countries (Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland rightly enter the Schengen area and need only a valid identity card or national passport to cross its borders and stay as long as they wish. Under various bilateral agreements, national police forces can cross the border and, in some cases, make arrests in another country. However, some third-country nationals are allowed to stay more than 90 days in the Schengen area without having to apply for a long-stay visa.