William Paterson`s Plan for New Jersey proposed a unicameral legislature with equal state votes and an executive elected by a national legislature. This plan maintained the form of government under the Articles of Confederation, while adding powers to generate revenue and regulate trade and foreign affairs. James Madison commented on Paterson`s proposed plan in his diary, which he maintained throughout the proceedings. Madison`s notes, which he refined at night, became the most important contemporary recording of the convention`s debates. The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from May 14 to September 17, 1787. The convention took place over problems with the United States government, which had operated under the Articles of Confederation after Independence from Britain. Although the Convention was supposed to revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention of many of its supporters, including James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was from the outset the intention to create a new government rather than repair the current government. Delegates elected George Washington as President of the Convention. The outcome of the Convention was the Constitution of the United States, which made the Convention one of the most important events in the history of the United States. Mason argued that only people who act through specifically named state agreements can authorize a new government. Madison agreed with Mason. He regarded the articles of confederation as a simple treaty between states, but a true constitution could only be adopted by the people themselves.
By nine votes to one, delegates voted to submit the constitution to state conventions.  Wilson also argued that the executive should be directly elected by the people. Only by direct election could the executive branch be independent of both Congress and the states.  This view was unpopular. Some delegates, such as Roger Sherman, Elbridge Gerry and Pierce Butler, opposed direct executive elections because they thought people were too easily manipulated. Most delegates, however, did not question the intelligence of voters, but what worried them was the slowness with which information spread at the end of the 18th century. Due to a lack of information, the average voter would be too ignorant of the candidates to make an informed decision.  As the Convention entered its second full month of deliberations, it was decided to defer further consideration of the thorny issue of the distribution of representatives in the national legislature to a committee composed of one delegate from each of the eleven States present at the Convention at that time. Among the members of this “Grand Committee” as it is called were William Paterson of New Jersey, Robert Yates of New York, Luther Martin of Maryland, Gunning Bedford, Jr. .